Japanese file formats
JIS (Japanese Industrial
Standard) is now only used for Japanese
e-mail, since some old e-mail servers in
use on the Internet don't correctly send
Shift-JIS (see below). Eudora-J, for example,
automatically converts Shift-JIS on a Japanese
computer to JIS for sending through the
Internet e-mail system. When Eudora-J is
used to receive mail, it then converts the
JIS e-mail back into Shift-JIS.
Shift-JIS is the standard
format that has been devised by Microsoft
to allow Japanese characters to be saved
in text files. The Macintosh (running KanjiTalk)
and PC (running Japanese DOS and Japanese
Windows 3.1, Windows 95, and Windows NT)
both use Shift-JIS as the standard format
for files and data.
EUC stands for Extended
Unix Code and is used only on Japanese UNIX
systems. EUC is mainly used for WWW servers
that are UNIX-based. If, for example, you
save the source of a Japanese web site to
a file for translating it may be in EUC
format instead of Shift-JIS format.
What is an "FEP"
FEP stands for Front
End Processor. It is a piece of software
which allows the user to enter Hiragana,
into a document using a standard English
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